Change grub default boot option on Linux Ubuntu/Mint

Grub's default boot option is stored within a config file found on the partition where your Master Boot Record is located (if you had it installed previously, there may also be grub.cfg files on other partitions, but these won't affect boot sequence). Its direct path is /boot/grub/grub.cfg and it has to be opened as root, ... Read more

Debugging of ISPConfig 3 server actions in case of a failure

The following article describes the steps that need to be taken to debug ISPConfig 3 server scripts. This procedure applies to all ISPConfig 3 versions incl. ISPConfig 3.1 and ISPConfig 3.2. Enable the debug Loglevel in ISPConfig Login to the ISPConfig interface and set the log level to Debug under System > System > Server ... Read more

Get the disk health status with SMART monitor tools on Debian and Ubuntu Linux

Disk SMART status

Every current disk includes a built-in monitoring feature known as SMART that keeps track of faults. On Linux, there is a software package called smartmontools that may be used to query the SMART status of the disk to see if it will fail soon. Installation apt-get install smartmontools Usage First we need to know the ... Read more

How to Backup/Clear/Restore a SpamAssassin Bayes Database

SpamAssassin Bayes Database

Sometimes you might have to work with the Spamassin Bayes Token database. This is the database that is used by the SpamAssassin Self Learning (Bayesian) Classifier to store the ham and spam tokens. This tutorial will show you how to make a backup of that database. E.g. when you want to move it to a ... Read more

Install WICD network manager on Linux Ubuntu/Mint

It may occur that by default your computer won't connect to wireless networks after starting up the system. A way to solve this might be to install the WICD network manager which is available in the Ubuntu repositories. Just fire up Synaptic Package Manager and search for WICD. During installation, you will be asked to ... Read more

Uninstall VirtualBox Guest Additions on Ubuntu and Windows 7

Ubuntu: To uninstall VirtualBox Guest Additions on Ubuntu and similar operating systems, mount the virtual disk again that you used to install them - to do that, click on the Devices menu on the virtual machines top menu bar and select Install Guest Additions. If you get a pop-up about auto-start procedures just cancel it. ... Read more