For some time now there have been frequent problems with Windows updates, besides the possibility to uninstall the defective update, there is also the possibility to help yourself with the following command
Open the Power Shell with Administrator privileges and enter the following.
DISM /online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
This may take some time after successful completion to enter the following run.
This solution works on Windows 10, Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2019.