PowerShell: How to Create an AD User in a Specific OU

Creating an Active Directory (AD) user in a specific Organizational Unit (OU) using PowerShell involves several steps. Before proceeding, ensure you have the appropriate permissions to create users in Active Directory and that the Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell is installed and imported into your PowerShell session.

Import the Active Directory Module

First, open PowerShell with administrative privileges and import the Active Directory module using the command:

Import-Module ActiveDirectory

Create the New User

Use the New-ADUser cmdlet to create a new user. Specify the Organizational Unit (OU) using the -Path parameter. Here's an example command:

New-ADUser -Name "KarimBuzdar" -GivenName "Karim" -Surname "Buzdar" -SamAccountName "kbuzdar" -UserPrincipalName "kbuzdar@faqforge.com" -Path "OU=Users,DC=faqforge,DC=com" -AccountPassword (ConvertTo-SecureString "P@ssw0rd!" -AsPlainText -Force) -Enabled $true

Replace "KarimBuzdar", "Karim", "Buzdar", "kbuzdar", "kbuzdar@faqforge.com", "OU=Users,DC=faqforge,DC=com", and "P@ssw0rd!" with the actual name, username, domain, OU, and password for your new user.

Customize User Attributes

You can set or modify additional attributes of the user by using the -OtherAttributes parameter or by modifying the user after creation using Set-ADUser.

Confirm User Creation

To confirm that the user has been created, you can use the `Get-ADUser` cmdlet:

Get-ADUser -Identity kbuzdar


If you encounter any errors during the process, make sure that the OU path is correct, and you have the necessary permissions. Also, ensure that the required fields for new users are correctly filled.

Remember to replace the placeholders in the script with the actual values relevant to your AD environment. The example provided is for a basic user creation scenario, and you might need to adjust the script depending on your specific requirements, such as setting additional properties or using a more secure method to handle the password.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is PowerShell and how can I use it to manage Active Directory?

PowerShell is a task-based command-line shell and scripting language designed especially for system administration. In the context of Active Directory (AD), it's used to automate and execute administrative tasks, such as creating user accounts in specific Organizational Units (OUs).

What is an Organizational Unit (OU) in Active Directory?

An OU in Active Directory is a container within a domain which can hold users, groups, computers, and other OUs. It allows for a structured and organized hierarchy, making it easier to manage and apply policies to different sections of the AD structure.

How do I install the Active Directory module for PowerShell?

Before managing AD with PowerShell, you need to install the RSAT (Remote Server Administration Tools) tools that include the AD module. This can typically be done via Windows Features or through a PowerShell command like

Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-AD-PowerShell

What is the basic PowerShell command to create a new AD user?

The basic command is:


This command is followed by parameters that specify details about the user, such as their name, username, password, and other attributes.

How do I specify an OU when creating a user with PowerShell?

To specify an OU, use the -Path parameter in the New-ADUser command. For example:

New-ADUser -Name "John Doe" -SamAccountName jdoe -UserPrincipalName jdoe@example.com -Path "OU=Employees,DC=example,DC=com"

Can I set a password for the new user in the same PowerShell command?

Yes, you can set a password using the -AccountPassword parameter. It requires a Secure String, so your command might look like this:

$UserPassword = ConvertTo-SecureString "P@ssw0rd!" -AsPlainText -Force; New-ADUser -Name "John Doe" -AccountPassword $UserPassword

Is it possible to enable the AD account using PowerShell immediately after creation?

You can enable the account by adding the -Enabled parameter set to $true in your New-ADUser command.

How do I check if a user has been successfully created in the specified OU?

You can use the Get-ADUser command to verify. For example:

Get-ADUser -Filter 'Name -like "John Doe"'

will show you the properties of the user if they exist.

Can I add additional attributes to the user account during creation?

You can add parameters like -Department, -JobTitle, -Manager, etc., to your New-ADUser command to set these attributes during account creation.

Is there a way to create multiple users in an OU at once?

It is possible to automate the creation of multiple users by using PowerShell scripts that loop through a list of user details, typically stored in a CSV file, and create each user with the New-ADUser command.