Today I tested the log rotation of a Linux server installation and therefore I needed a logfile that was larger than 10 MB. To create such a file of e.g. 11 MB size on the shell, I used this command:
dd if=/dev/urandom of=test.log bs=1M count=11
The content of the file is random characters. If you need a file filled with zeros, use this command:
dd if=/dev/zero of=test.log bs=1M count=11
The result is a file named test.log in the current directory with a size of 11 MB.