When it comes to files and disk encryption in Windows 10, it is possible to be using two encryption systems, Encrypting File System (EFS) with BitLocker. Encrypting the File System (EFS) is used to encrypt files and directories and BitLocker is used to encrypt the entire disk. In this article, we will guide you through the whole procedure to encrypt files and folders using the Encrypting File System (EFS) in Windows 10.

Encrypt files and folders using the Encrypting File System (EFS) in Windows 10

To encrypt files and folders using the Encrypting File System (EFS) in Windows 10, follow the whole procedure step by step.

Open the File Explorer. Locate the folder which you want to encrypt and right-click on it as the following image is showing.

As you right-click on the folder, a menu will popup. Choose the Properties option from the appeared menu as highlighted in the above image. The Properties of the folder will open as the following dialogue box.

Click the General tab and then click the Advanced button as highlighted in the above image. You will see the following dialogue box after clicking the Advanced button.

Check the Allow files in this folder to have contents indexed in addition to file properties and Encrypt contents to secure data checkbox. After that, click the OK button as highlighted in the above image. You will get to see the previous dialogue box. Click the Apply button as the following image is showing.

The following dialogue box will appear.

Click the Apply changes to this folder, subfolders and files radio button. Again click the OK button as highlighted in the above image. Then again click the OK button to the following dialogue box.

As you click the OK button, you will see the following notification.

Click on this notification and the following dialogue box will appear.

Click the Back up now option as highlighted in the above image. Then the following dialogue box will appear.

You will see the Next button, click on it as highlighted in the above image. Then the following dialogue box will appear.

Now click the Personal Information Exchange radio button and click the Next button as highlighted in the above image.

Create the Password and choose the Encryption type then click the Next button as highlighted in the above image. As you click the Next button, the following dialogue box will appear.

Click the Browse button and choose the file then click the Next button as highlighted in the above image. When this process will complete, click the Finish button. Then go to the folder on which you have applied these changes, it will appear with a lock icon as the following image is showing.

Conclusion

By following this procedure, you will be able to encrypt files and folders using the Encrypting file system (EFS) in Windows 10.

How to encrypt files and folders using the Encrypting File System (EFS) in Windows 10
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Karim Buzdar

About the Author: Karim Buzdar holds a degree in telecommunication engineering and holds several sysadmin certifications. As an IT engineer and technical author, he writes for various web sites. He blogs at LinuxWays.

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