Sometimes you need to know which debian package contains a specific file e.g. because you deleted a system file accidently or you try to install a new software that requires this file. The apt package management utility which is used in Debian and Ubuntu comes with a handy tool called apt-file which allows a saerch for filenames in the package database.

Install apt-file

apt-get install apt-file

Update the apt-file database

apt-file update

Search for a specific file name, e.g. "lcrypto"

apt-file search /bin/bash

apt-file search /bin/bash
bash: /bin/bash
bash: /usr/bin/bashbug
bash-minimal: /bin/bash-minimal
bash-static: /bin/bash-static
bashdb: /usr/bin/bashdb
mybashburn: /usr/bin/bashburn

How to use apt-file to find which .deb package contains a specific file
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